European Green Consensus


European Green Consensus


Greenhouse gas emission, global warming and climate change issues have become a global agenda item especially since the 1990s. Within the scope of combating these problems, many studies are carried out at the regional or international level. Finally, with the Paris Climate Agreement signed in 2015, almost all of the countries in the world have made some commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. The European Union (EU), which has taken the most concrete steps to solve these problems and encouraged other countries in this regard, deepens its determination to build a sustainable world. The European Green Deal statement published in November 2019 was the result of this determination and sensitivity.
This agreement is of great importance not only for EU member states, but also for all countries that have political, economic and geographical relations with the EU. In addition, public and private sector organizations and international organizations that are in direct or indirect connection with the EU are also within the scope of the published agreement. Because, the European Green Deal also regulates the relations of the EU with all other states, institutions and organizations.
The focus of the consensus is to create a cleaner and more sustainable world; It also includes the steps to be taken for this. With this agreement, the EU aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, not to depend on any source in economic growth, and to develop and develop not only a country or region, but the whole world as a whole. From a sustainability perspective, it is clearly understood that the EU wants to establish environmental, financial and social sustainability with this agreement.
In order for the European Green Deal to reach its goal, various plans and strategies have been developed in the following areas.
? Biodiversity aiming to protect our fragile ecosystem
? A farm-to-table approach for more sustainable food systems
? Sustainable agriculture in order to ensure sustainability in EU agriculture and rural areas thanks to the common agricultural policy.
? Clean energy
? Sustainable industry revealing ways to provide more sustainable and environmentally friendly production cycles
? Building and renovation for a cleaner construction industry
? Sustainable mobility approach to promote more sustainable means of transport
? Quick and efficient removal of pollution
European Green Consensus, starting these issues;
? European Industrial Strategy
? Fair Transformation Mechanism
? Circular Economy Action Plan
? European Green Deal Investment Plan
? European Climate Law
He also introduced various plans and mechanisms such as Each plan and strategy brings various duties, responsibilities and sanctions to countries that have relations with the EU. The European Green Deal aims to restructure the EU´s relations with other countries with sectoral criteria, business models and taxes. Since global environmental problems cannot be solved by the efforts of only one country or region, the EU believes that with this agreement, a global cooperation should be developed and new approaches in political, financial, social and environmental issues should be spread all over the world.

How Does the European Green Deal Affect Turkey?
As it is known, the most important partner of Turkey in foreign trade is the European Union. A large part of both import and export activities are carried out with EU countries. For this reason, Turkey needs to read the memorandum well and correctly in order to keep its relations with the European Green Agreement strong and sustainable, as well as with the EU, which plans to carry out all import and export activities within a new international trade system in a short time.
One of the most important issues in the new trade system is that businesses that cannot meet the necessary criteria will not be able to introduce products to the EU market. This means that companies that sell their products mainly to EU countries will terminate their export activities if they do not take the necessary actions. Because, the agreement brings common criteria for all products and services with commercial value, not a specific product or product group like the regulations implemented in the past.
One of the most important issues in the European Green Deal is Carbon at the Border Regulation. This regulation refers to the pricing, that is, taxation, of carbon in products exported to the EU in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. With this regulation, the EU transfers its responsibility for reducing carbon emissions to its commercial stakeholders and tries to ensure that they adopt it. Companies, public and private sector organizations that escape this responsibility will have to withdraw the EU market. Because no company anymore, especially who
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